Ulcerative Colitis

What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine and rectum.

What causes UC?

The exact cause of UC is unknown; however, researchers believe it is caused by a combination of genetics, environmental factors, and an overactive immune system. 

What are the symptoms of UC?

Symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain, cramping or discomfort
  • Blood or pus in the stools
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent, recurring diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of appetite
  • Tenesmus or cramping or spasming in the rectum resulting in a sudden urge to have a bowel movement

How is UC diagnosed?

A combination of colonoscopy and lab tests are often used to make the diagnosis. 

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