What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine and rectum.
What causes UC?
The exact cause of UC is unknown; however, researchers believe it is caused by a combination of genetics, environmental factors, and an overactive immune system.
What are the symptoms of UC?
Symptoms may include:
- Abdominal pain, cramping or discomfort
- Blood or pus in the stools
- Weight loss
- Frequent, recurring diarrhea
- Lack of appetite
- Tenesmus or cramping or spasming in the rectum resulting in a sudden urge to have a bowel movement
How is UC diagnosed?
A combination of colonoscopy and lab tests are often used to make the diagnosis.